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Pyrola grandiflora var. canadensis
Pyrola grandiflora var. gormanii
Genus: Pyrola L. (wintergreen)
Family: Pyrolaceae (Shinleaf family)
Duration – Growth Habit
Perennial – Forb/herb
For information only (typically historical) – I take no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plant.
No information directly for Pyrola grandiflora. However, the leaves of other Pyrolas (wintergreens) have been moistened to be used to counter skin irritation and have been used to treat mouth or throat inflammation.
The largeflowered wintergreen (Pyrola grandiflora) is a perennial subshrub with evergreen leaves. The wintergreen family is named such because of the evergreen leaves. Plants grow from a small rhizomatous taproot. The rounded leaves are mostly basal, and petiole on an often pinkish stem. Leaves are somewhat waxy and dark green. The stem is pink or red and 6-25 cm (2-10 in) tall. It has one inflorescence per stem with a 4-12 flowered raceme. The flowers have 5 creamy white petals with pink veins and about 10 stamens with yellow anthers and a single stigma per ovary. The fruit is pink or red when immature and black or brown when mature.
Distribution and Habitat
Pyrola grandiflora is distributed across the northern hemisphere including Canada and Alaska, Greenland, Iceland, and Eurasia (mostly Siberia and northern Scandanavia).
The largeflowered wintergreen lives in many habitats and soil types in both taiga and tundra. It grows in forests, dry or wet meadows, slopes, and ridges. It also grows in cracks in bedrock. It is most commonly found in dry soils.
|Rank||Scientific Name (Common Name)|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)|
|Superdivision||Spermatophyta (Seed plants)|
|Division||Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)|
|Genus||Pyrola L. (wintergreen)|
|Species||Pyrola grandiflora (largeflowered wintergreen)|
References and Further Reading
Field Guide to Alaskan Wildflowers, Pratt, Verna E. pg 60
Pyrola grandiflora Radius, ITIS Database
Pyrola grandiflora Radius largeflowered wintergreen, USDA Database
Pyrola grandiflora Radius, Pyrola & Chimaphila. 27, plate 3, fig. 2. 1821., Flora of North America (www.eFloras.org)
Pyrola grandiflora : Arctic Wintergreen, Central Yukon Species Inventory Project
Pyrola grandiflora Radius, Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
All web sources accessed December of 2020 unless otherwise noted