For information only (typically historical) – I take no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plant.
Unknown. No information on uses, edibility, or toxicity. Very little information is available on uses for any plants in the Minuartia genus. There are listings for uses in the Native American Ethnobotany Database (NAEB: search string: Arenia) for other sandworts under the genus Arenaria which is no longer an accepted name. However, the plants fall under different genera. Most of these uses fell under the categories of dermatological aids, eye medicines, or respiratory aids (mostly using the root). With no peer-reviewed research or medicinally sound evidence for the medical use of any sandwort, and with the lack of information regarding the edibility or toxicity of arctic sandwort, it would probably not be wise to use this plant for food or medicine.
Identification and Information
Arctic sandwort is a mat-forming perennial herb that grows from a woody taproot. Its leaves are tightly overlapping, variably spaced, short, narrow, connate, and densely packed on the stem. There is a solitary flower on each stem, often with many tightly spaced flowers rising 3-10 cm (1-4 in) above the mat.
The flowers are hypanthium cup-shaped with 5 petals and 5 sepals with 3 veins approximately half the length of the petals. The petals 4-8 mm in diameter, approximately twice the size of the sepals. The flower is typically white or slightly pink often with purple or pink color near the base of the petal or on the margins. The seeds are brown and about 1.2-1.6 mm.
It is worth noting that Minuartia arctica frequently hybridizes with other Minuartias.
Diagram: USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 54.
The Kamchatka fritillary, also commonly known as the chocolate lily (Fritillaria camschatcensis) is a brown flowering plant living mostly in coastal areas in Alaska and northwestern North America and coastal...